The major goal of our research is to explore how social factors alter neural circuit’s responses to chronic and acute stress, and influence susceptibility or resilience to neuropsychiatric disorders such as depression and anxiety. A crucial question we address is how coping strategies and positive socialization can bring about changes in the brain that that ease the symptoms of neuropsychiatric disorders. Utilizing cutting-edge cell-type/circuit specific manipulations and electrophysiological recordings we investigate the neuronal adaptations that underlie beneficial and protective effects. Based on this research we hope to provide targets for novel mechanistically driven therapeutics.